Global Health

"Of all the forms of inequality, injustice in health care is the most shocking and inhumane."—Martin Luther King

Resources & Readings

To Hell with Good Intentions. Ivan Illich.

Miranda JJ , Garcia P , Lescano A, Gotuzzo E, Garcia H , 2011. Global health training—one way street ? Am J Trop Med Hyg 84: 506 .

Crump JA , Sugarman J , 2008 . Ethical considerations for short-term experiences by trainees in global health . JAMA 300: 1456 – 1458 .

Crump JA , Sugarman J , and the Working Group on Ethics Guidelines for Global Health Training (WEIGHT), 2010 . Ethics and best practice guidelines for training experiences in global health . Am J Trop Med Hyg 83: 1178 – 1182 .

Vermund SH , Audet CM , Martin MH , Heimburger DH , 2010 . Training programmes in global health . BMJ 341: c6860.

Houpt, E. Pearson, R. Hall, T.  Three Domains of Competency in Global Health Education: Recommendations for All Medical Students.  Acad Med. 2007; 82:222–225.

Heck JE, Pust R.  A national consensus on the essential international-health curriculum for medical schools. Acad Med 1993; 68(8):596-8.

Ramsey, AH. Haq, C. Gjerde, C. Rothenberg, D. Career Influence of an International Health Experience During Medical School.  Fam Med 2004;36(6):412-6.

Frenk J, Chen L, Bhutta ZA, Cohen J, Crisp N, Evans T, Fineberg H, Garcia P, Ke Y, Kelley P, Kistnasamy B, Meleis A, Naylor D, Pablos-Mendez A, Reddy S, Scrimshaw S, Sepulveda J, Serwadda D, Zurayk H.  Health professionals for a new century: transforming education to strengthen health systems in an interdependent world.   Lancet 2010; 376: 1923-58.

Spottswood G, Khan OA.  Global Health Education in Medical Schools without a Public Health Affiliation.  Presented at the Conference on Public Health in Medical Education, Association of American Medical Colleges, September 2010.

Gillam S, Maudsley G.  Public health education for medical students: rising to the professional challenge. J Public Health 2009. 32 (1): 125-131.

Koplan JP, Bond TC, Merson MH, Reddy KS, Rodriguez MH, Sewankambo NK, Wasserheit J, for the Consortium of Universities for Global Health Executive Board.  Towards a common definition of global health. Lancet 2009; 373: 1993–95. 

Krogh, C, Pust, R.  International Health: A Manual for Advisers and Students.  The Society of Teachers of Family Medicine.  International Health Committee 1990.

Eckhert, LN.  Getting the most out of medical students’ global health experiences. Ann Fam Med 2006;4(Suppl 1):S38-S39 DOI: 10.1370/afm.563.

Heck JE, Wedemeyer D.  International health education in US medical schools: trends in curriculum focus, student interest, and funding sources. Fam Med Nov-Dec 1995, 636-641.

Consortium of Universities for Global Health. 2009.

IFMSA-USA/GHEC Partnership: Curriculum Development in Global Health. 2005.

Battat et al.: Global health competencies and approaches in medical education: a literature review. BMC Medical Education 2010 10:94.

Izadnegahdar R, Correia S, Ohata B, Kittler A, ter Kuile S, Vaillancourt S, Saba N, Brewer TF.  Global health in Canadian medical education: current practices and opportunities.  Acad Med. 2008 Feb;83(2):192-8. (also themes issue highlighting GH programs from across the US).

Kamat D, Armstrong RW: Global child health: An essential component of residency training.  Journal of Pediatrics 2006, 149(6): 735-736.

Torjesen K, Mandalakas A, Kahn R, Duncan B: International Child Health Electives for Pediatric Residents.  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1999, 153:1297-1302.

Gupta AR, Wells CK, Horwitz RI, Bia FJ, Barry M: The International Health Program:  the 15-year experience with Yale University’s Internal Medicine Residency Program.  Am J Trop Med Hyg 1999, 61(6): 1019-23

Evert J, Bazemore A, Hixon A, Withy K: Going Global: Considerations for Introducing Global Health into Family Medicine. Training Programs.  Fam Med 2007, 39(9): 659-65

Puvvula J, Granados G: Developing an International Health Area of Concentration in a Family Medicine Residency.  Fam Med 2007, 39(9): 666-70.

Ozgediz D, Roayaie K, Debas H, Schecter W, Farmer D: Surgery in developing countries: essential training in residency.  Archives of Surgery 2005, 140(8): 795-800.

Anderson PD, Ashkenasy M, Lis J: International Emergency Medicine Fellowships.  Emerg Med Clin North Am 2005, 23(1): 199-215

Schultz SH. Rousseau R: International health training in family practice residency programs.  Family Medicine 1998, 30(1): 29-33.

Merson, M. Page, K.  The Dramatic Expansion of University Engagement in Global Health: Implications for US Policy.  Center for Strategic and International Studies Policy Center report. Washington DC. April 2009.

Developing Global Health Curricula: A Guidebook for US Medical Schools. AMSA, GHEC, IFMSA-USA, and R4WH. 2006.

Muller D.  Haiti.  JAMA. 2011;305(5):447-448.

Bhat SB.  Ethical coherency when medical students are abroad.  Lancet 2008.  V. 372: 1133-4.

Khan OA, Pietroni MP, Cravioto A.  Global Health Education: International Collaboration at ICDDR,B.  J Health Pop Nutr 2010 Dec; 28(6): 533-536.

Waddell WH, Kelley PR, Suter E, Levit EJ. Effectiveness of an international health elective as measured by NBME Part II. Journal of Medical Education 1976: 468-72.

Sawatsky AP, Rosenman DJ, Merry SP, McDonald FS.  Eight years of the Mayo International Health Program: what an international elective adds to resident education. Mayo Clin Proc. 2010 Aug;85(8):734-41.

Thompson MJ, Huntington MK, Hunt DD, Pinsky LE, Brodie JJ.  Educational effects of international health electives on U.S. and Canadian medical students and residents: a literature review.  Acad Med. 2003 Mar;78(3):342-7.

Haq C, Rothenberg D, Gjerde C, Bobula J, Wilson C, Bickley L, Cardelle A, Joseph A.  New world views: preparing physicians in training for global health work.  Fam Med Sept 2000; 566-572.

Brewer TF, Saba N, Clair V.  From boutique to basic: a call for standardised medical education in global health.  Medical Education 2009; 43: 930–933.

Evert J, Bazemore A, Hixon A, Withy K.  Going Global: Considerations for Introducing Global Health Into Family Medicine Training Programs.  Family Medicine 2007 39 (9): 659-65.

Dwyer J. Global health and justice. Bioethics 2005;19(5-6):460-75.

Dupuis CC. Humanitarian Missions in the Third World: A Polite Dissent. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, January 2004.

Winerman L. U.S. Apologizes for 'Reprehensible' 1940s Syphilis Study in Guatemala.  PBS Newshour:

Tanne JH. President Obama apologises to Guatemala over 1940s syphilis study.  BMJ. 2010 Oct 4;341:c5494. doi: 10.1136/bmj.c5494.

Gostin LO, Archer R.  The duty of States to assist other States in need: ethics, human rights, and international law.  J Law Med Ethics. 2007 Winter;35(4):526-33, 511.

Yamin AE.  Our place in the world: Conceptualizing obligations beyond borders in human rights-based approaches to health.  Health Hum Rights. 2010 Jun 15;12(1):3-14.

Pinto AD, Upshur RE.  Global health ethics for students.  Dev World Bioeth. 2009 Apr;9(1):1-10.

Provenzano AM, Graber LK, Elansary M, Khoshnood K, Rastegar A, Barry M.  Short-term global health research projects by US medical students: ethical challenges for partnerships.  Am J Trop Med Hyg.  2010 Aug;83(2):211-4.

Castro A, Farmer P.  Understanding and addressing AIDS-related stigma: from anthropological theory to clinical practice in Haiti.  Am J Public Health. 2005 Jan;95(1):53-9. Review.

Sherr ME, Singletary JE, Rogers RK.   Innovative service or proselytizing: exploring when services delivery becomes a platform for unwanted religious persuasion.  Soc Work. 2009 Apr;54(2):157-65.

Drain PK, Primack, A, Hunt, DD, Fawzi, WW, Holmes, KK, and Gardner, P. Global Health in Medical Education: A Call for More Training and Opportunities.  Academic Medicine. 2007, 82:226-230.

Hagopian A, Thompson MJ, Fordyce M, Johnson KE, Hart LG. The migration of physicians from sub-Saharan Africa to the United States of America: measures of the African brain drain. Hum Resour Health. 2004 Dec 14;2(1):17

Pfeiffer J, Johnson W, Fort M, Shakow A, Hagopian A, Gloyd S, Gimbel-Sherr K. Strengthening health systems in poor countries: a code of conduct for nongovernmental organizations.    Am J Public Health.  2008 Dec;98(12):2134-40. Epub 2008 Oct 15.

Lorntz B, Boissevain JR, Dillingham RA, Kelly J, Ballard A, Scheld, WM, Guerrant RL. A Trans-university Center for Global Health.  Academic Medicine. 2008 Vol. 83, No 2, February, 165-172

Gostin LO, Mok EA.  The President’s Global Health Initiative. JAMA 2010 304 (7): 789-90.

Pottie K, Redwood-Campbell L, Rouleau K, Ouellette V, Lemire F.  Degrees of engagement: Family physicians and global health.  Canadian Family Physician 2007,
83 Vol 53: 1853-57.


Marmot M, Wilkinson RG.  Social Determinamts of Health.  Oxford University Press, New York, 1999.

Heymann DL, Ed.  Control of Communicable Disease Manual, 19th edition. APHA Press, 2007.

Eddleston M, Davidson R, Brent A, Wilkinson R.  Oxford Handbook of Tropical MedicineOxford University Press, 2008.

Khan OA, Ed.  Marmot M, Nathanson N, Plotkin S, Seffrin J, Chowdhury M, Castillo C et al, Assoc Ed.  Readings in Global Health.  APHA Press, 2008.

Skolnik R.  Essentials of Global Health.  Jones & Bartlett, 2008.

Lindstrand A, Bergstrom S, Rosling H. Global Health: An Introductory Textbook.  Studentlitteratur AB, 2006.

Beaglehole R, Bonita R. [Eds]. Global Public Health: a new era.  Second Edition. Oxford University Press, Oxford UK. 2009.

Petryna A. When Experiments Travel: Clinical Trials and the Global Search for Human Subjects.  Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ, 2009.